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 农业和农民是怎么演化出来的?这是一场无法回头的革命
发布时间:[2019/05/13]  浏览量:1565

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农业和农民是怎么演化出来的?这是一场无法回头的革命!
新形成的农业活动范围,除了面积远小于过去远古的采集活动范围,内部人工的成分也大增。除了用火,狩猎采集者很少刻意改变他们所漫游闲晃的土地;但农民就完全不同,可以说他们是从一片荒野中,劳心劳力刻意打造出一个专属人类的人工孤岛。他们会砍伐森林、挖出沟渠、翻土整地、建造房屋、犁出犁沟,还会把果树种成整齐的一排又一排。农民无所不用其极,一心防止各种杂草和野生动物入侵,从农业开始发展到现在,人类的家园得面对勤劳的蚂蚁、鬼鬼祟祟的蟑螂、冒险犯难的蜘蛛还有误入歧途的甲虫,于是数十亿人口也就武装起来,用树枝、苍蝇拍、鞋子和杀虫剂,迎向这场永不停止的战争。

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农业和农民是怎么演化出来的?这是一场无法回头的革命!
农业带来的压力影响深远,这正是后代大规模政治和社会制度的基础。但可悲的是,虽然农民勤劳不懈、希望能够保障自己未来的经济安全,但这几乎从来未曾实现。不管在任何地方,都出现了统治者和精英阶级,不仅靠着农民辛苦种出的食粮维生,还几乎全征收抢光,只留给农民勉强可过活的数量。

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